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World War II: 1939 ~ 1945
United States of America (All Branches)
Named Lots & Groupings
ARMY - GROUND UNITS
Germany

A0139
Selling Price: $6850 - Postage in the U.S.A. is: $18
SA STURM ORTSGRUPPE STANDART FLAG HEILBRONN-BOCKINGEN!
RARE EMBROIDERY FRINGE DUAL SIDE GROUP SOUTH "1" UNIT FLAG!
SA Regional District Group flags are the rarest and most illustrative to obtain. They beat the (although rare) plain unit numbered SA flags to death. Sometimes spelled SA STANDART or SA STANDARTE Flags.

There is no way to follow or understand this extremely rare and notorious symbol of the Nazi Third Reich without delving into the history of the leader of the SA and NSDAP within Heilbronn-Bockingen: Richard Drauz.

As to the ORGANIZATIONAL attributes of this historic item taken from the book: [Schlosser, Susanne: Chronik der Stadt Heilbronn. Band V: 1939-1945. Heilbronn 2004 (Veroffentlichungen des Archivs der Stadt Heilbronn 40)].

First, Heilbronn and the adjoining lesser town of Bockingen lie on the Neckar River. They were co-joined soon after the Nazis came to poser. On 1 Feb 1937 the Heilbronn-Bockingen district was divided into two "Ortsgruppes" Nord & Sud. The SA Company/ Ortsgruppe SUD was default numbered in this case to "1" so as to include for possible future expansion of Ortsgruppes. The Sud 1 Company/Ortsgruppe was then being commanded by Hans Roth with HQ at Vorarlberger Strasse 28 (later on 21 October 1938 the Mitte [middle] Company was formed).

All of the SA Ortsgruppe activity in Heilbronn-Bockingen was part of ORTSGRUPPE SA-Standarte 122 with the 1/122 in Heilbronn - with the Leader "Leiter" Gotthilf Manner commissioned on 19 February 1934 to 1 September 1939, and then Heinrich Gultig from 1 September 1939 onward.

The SA in Heilbronn was the "SA-Standarte 1/122" with local sub-groups in some cities around Heilbronn, but none in Bockingen.

This flag belonged to the "Ortsgruppe Bockingen-Sud" of the NS-party. The Ortsgruppe Bockingen was founded in 1 Feb 1937 and had 200 members at the beginning. There is actually a mention of the January of 1935 organization of the Ortsgruppe Bockingen into 11 "Zellen" (cells) and 51 "Blocks". However, in February 1937 when the Ortsgruppe Bockingen was divided in two Ortsgruppen: "Nord" and "Sud". Bockingen-Sud contained 8 "Zellen" and 46 "Blocke". So there was huge growth in the organization in just those two years.

As to the PHYSICAL attributes of this historic item:

The flag itself is a marvel and was brought back by a local Utah veteran who was a member of the famed 100th Infantry Division which assaulted the town region and secured this flag. His son had sold it and a few other smaller items. Along the Header of the flag, it measures 47.4 inches on the red portion alone, with the fringes making that length a total of 51.5 inches total. The width of the flag is 50.25 inches on the red portion alone, with the fringe adding just a hair less than two inches as well.

The is a true SA flag, as it is fully dual sided, with the white portion being of a thick material and the black swastika being a separately sewn on piece. So, each side is three piece construction to the base flag itself.

Then comes the crown, the "SA GROUP COMPANY STANDARTE" Company flag for "HEILBRONN-BOCKINGEN / SUD 1" dual sided unit color designator. This is a gem. It is 100% ear fashioned on thick black wool and in 100% complete condition. Nothing missing. The Fringing is complete and non-damaged. There are some very minute moth nips on the black Company Otrsgruppe fabric, but none not visible in the images even under close ups as the backing beneath is the same color.

The five original clips are present, although one thread loop section has come loose, but the person who was custodian of the flag before myself thankfully clipped the loose clip to one of the others and it is present. These SA flags had regulation clips, of which these are.

There is one small era repair on the flag in the lower corner on the red area, small as you can see in the images.

I cannot say how rare and noteworthy this piece is. It is hyper-rare and from an area that was notorious for SA struggle and involvement.

As to history of the region and Richard Drauz:

The towns were heavily destroyed by U.S. and British air raids on Sunday the 10 September 1944 in which hundreds were slain in the tiny town. Also on the catastrophic 4th of December in 1944 raid where over 5,000 dead were later mass buried. The last air raid took place on January the 20th in 1945. The tiny Bockingen community saw 621 soldiers die in the war and another 173 missing. Bockingen also was the post-war site of an American POW camp for German soldiers.

Around Heilbronn were many underground salt mines that over 8,000 slave laborers from the Kochendorf and Neckargartach concentration camps died building so they could be used to store stolen and looted Nazi art and treasures from around conquered Europe.

Richard Drauz was the NSDAP Heilbronn District Kreisleiter since October 1932 with HQ at Adolf-Hitler-Haus, Kaiserstrasse 2, and was a particularly viscous blood-man. The SA and SS fought for control of Heilbronn as it had a lot of industry that had Marexist influence in the early 1930s. There were 23 Heilbronner unions with a total 12,000 members. Drauz and the SA ran torture chambers for opposition leaders and as the war came to a close, Drauz summarily executed all towns people who hung white flags from their homes. Women as well as men. The man was a drunken womanizer who associated with SS murdering General Brigadier Dr. Dirlewanger. Drauz was arrested by the Americans and executed.

The two stock photos are of Drauz and of an SA/NSDAP march in Heilbronn with Drauz in the lead- NOTE the SA Standarte Flag just behind him. It is possibly this very flag here!



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